What does hypanthium mean?

What does hypanthium mean?

Definition of hypanthium : an enlargement of the floral receptacle bearing on its rim the stamens, petals, and sepals and often enlarging and surrounding the fruits (as in the rose hip)

What is a hypanthium in a flower?

Some flowers have a hypanthium (floral tube), a cuplike or tubular structure, around or atop the ovary, bearing along its margin the sepals, petals, and stamens.

What is the function of hypanthium?

The hypanthium has a critical role in the development of antesepalous stamens and their direction of growth in the mature flower. The hypanthium also has a role in the final position of the petals and sepals in the mature flower.

What is hypanthium made of?

Hypanthium definition The ringlike, cup-shaped, or tubular structure of a flower on which the sepals, petals, and stamens are borne, as in the flowers of the rose or cherry. It is formed by the enlargement of the receptacle. (botany) The bowl-shaped part of a flower on which the sepals, petals, and stamens are borne.

What is Hypanthodium give example?

Hypanthodium Inflorescence Example – Hypanthodium Example Hypanthodium is a special type of cymose inflorescence. The Hypanthodium inflorescence is found in the genus Ficus of the family Moraceae, e.g., Banyan (Ficus bengalensis), Peepal (Ficus religiosa), and Fig (Ficus carica).

What do you mean by Zygomorphic flower?

When a flower can be divided by a single plane into two equal parts, it is zygomorphic, or bilaterally symmetrical, as in the snapdragon, orchid, and sweet pea.

What is flower receptacle?

Receptacle: The part of a flower stalk where the parts of the flower are attached. Sepal: The outer parts of the flower (often green and leaf-like) that enclose a developing bud.

What type of fruit develops from Hypanthodium?

Syconus fruit
A fruit developed from hypanthodium inflorescence is called Syconus fruit. Example is Ficus. A box like an inflorescence wherein the box is formed by the fleshy receptacle is a Hypanthodium which opens to the exterior by an ostiole (single pore).

What is Cyathium in botany?

A cyathium (plural: cyathia) is one of the specialised pseudanthia (“false flowers”) forming the inflorescence of plants in the genus Euphorbia (Euphorbiaceae). A cyathium consists of: Five (rarely four) bracteoles. These are small, united bracts, which form a cup-like involucre.

What is the role of receptacle?

Receptacle is a swollen end of the flower stalk where the floral parts of a flower are arranged. It is also known as thalamus. Functions of receptacle: It keeps the flower in an elevated position so as to attract the insects.

What is the function of receptacle?

A receptacle sits at the top of a stalk underneath the main portion of the flower. It is often enlarged to support the weight of the flower, or the fruit when it develops. Its main function is to both connect the stalk to the flower and to support the flower.

What is Syconus fruit?

A syconus fruit is a composite fruit which takes form from a hollow fleshy inflorescence stalk. Within this structure, development of tiny flowers is seen. The female flowers produce ‘Pips’ or small drupes. This fruit develops from hypanthodium inflorescence. The Dorstenia and Ficus are Syconus fruits.

What is Composite fruit?

A composite or multiple fruit is a group of fruitlets which develop from the different flowers of an inflorescence. It is of two main types, sorosis and syconus.

What is Cyathium give example?

Cyathium is a type of inflorescence in which a cup-like cluster of modified leaves encloses a female flower and several male flowers. It resembles a single flower. For example, Poinsettia.

What is Satyam inflorescence?

Cyathium is one of the specialised pseudanthium or false flowers which forms the inflorescence of plants. It can be seen in the genus of the Euphorbia. Here, the brackets fuse to form a cup-shaped structure. Some secretory glands can be seen on the margin or the periphery of the cup.

What is Actinomorphic flower?

Actinomorphic flowers are radially symmetrical, i.e. flowers can be divided into two equal halves by any radial plane passing through the centre. E.g. chilli, datura, mustard, etc.

Is a rose a solitary flower?

Think of roses , they are solitary terminals and are in numbers in each plant, always growing at the apices of branches.