## What are the 7 Alankaras?

There are 35 Alankaras in total – 5 alankaras for each of the tala families – Eka, Rupaka, Triputa, Jhampa, Matya, Dhruva and Ata. The practise of alankaras gives learners a grip on swarasthanas and tala at the same tune. Singing alankaras with gamaka at different speeds also helps in raga understanding.

## What is Rupaka Talam?

The Rupaka Talam of the South Indian Tala System has only 2 angas- the Dhrutam which has 2 beats (symbolised by a 0) and a laghu which has variable beats according to the jati (symbolised by l). Hence in talalipi, the symbol of Rupaka talam is 0l.

**How many Laghuva are there in Adi tala?**

4 beats

Hence Adi Tala has a Laghu of 4 beats followed by 2 Dhruthams of 2 beats each.

**How many beats is Rupaka tala?**

The Rupaka Talam of the South Indian Tala System has only 2 angas- the Dhrutam which has 2 beats (symbolised by a 0) and a laghu which has variable beats according to the jati (symbolised by l).

### How many Talas are there?

The cyclic nature of a tala is a major feature of the Indian tradition, and this is termed as avartan. Both raga and tala are open frameworks for creativity and allow theoretically infinite number of possibilities, however, the tradition considers 108 talas as basic.

### What are the 7 talas in Carnatic music?

Misra

The cycle is thus seven aksharas long. Chaturasra nadai khanda-jati Rupaka tala has seven aksharam, each of which is four matras long; each avartana of the tala is 4 x 7 = 28 matras long. For Misra nadai Khanda-jati Rupaka tala, it would be 7 x 7 = 49 matra….Jatis.

Jati | Number of aksharas |
---|---|

Khanda | 5 |

Misra | 7 |

Sankeerna | 9 |

**How many tala are there?**

In the Suladi Sapta Tala system, there are 7 Tala families, each having a specific combination of angas.

**What are the 7 talas?**

The cycle is thus seven aksharas long. Chaturasra nadai khanda-jati Rupaka tala has seven aksharam, each of which is four matras long; each avartana of the tala is 4 x 7 = 28 matras long. For Misra nadai Khanda-jati Rupaka tala, it would be 7 x 7 = 49 matra….Jatis.

Jati | Number of aksharas |
---|---|

Misra | 7 |

Sankeerna | 9 |

#### What are 108 talas?

The ancient 108 anga Talas (which include the 5 Margi and 103 Desi Talas), the 72 Melakartha Tala system (which was designed to fit the 72 Melakartha Raaga classification), and the Suladi Sapta Tala system (which was popularized during the time of Purandara Dasa (1484 – 1564) and has been attributed to him) are some of …

#### How many Aksharam are there in a Rupaka tala?

Chatusra-gati Khanda-jaati Rupaka tala has 7 aksharam, each of which is 4 matras long; each avartanam of the tala is 4 x 7 = 28 matras long. For Misra-gati Khanda-jati Rupaka tala, it would be 7 x 7 = 49 matra.

**How many aksharams are there in an avartanam?**

An avartanam is thus 7 aksharams long. With all possible combinations of tala types and laghu lengths, there are 5 x 7 = 35 talas having lengths ranging from 3 (Tisra-jati Eka) to 29 (sankeerna-jati Dhruva) aksharams.

**What is Rūpaka?**

Rūpaka (रूपक, “metaphor”) refers to one of the 93 alaṃkāras (“figures of speech”) mentioned by Cirañjīva Bhaṭṭācārya (fl. 17th century) in his Kāvyavilāsa and is listed as one of the 89 arthālaṃkāras (figure of speech determined by the sense, as opposed to sound). Rūpaka or metaphor has been admitted as an alaṃkāra from the very ancient times.