Why was Housesteads fort built?

Why was Housesteads fort built?

Housesteads was a large fort covering 2.2 hectares, garrisoned by auxiliaries – infantry and cavalry raised from the conquered peoples of the empire. It was intended from the outset to hold an infantry regiment of 800 men, known as a milliary cohort.

Does Housesteads Roman Fort have a cafe?

They obviously enjoy a car trip in beautiful scenery and of course refreshments en-route. With this in mind, i rang the centre before setting off to ensure that there was a cafe at the centre. I was assured that there was.

Is vindolanda English Heritage?

This initiative from Vindolanda, English Heritage and National Trust also supports accommodation providers, pubs, tea rooms and other local businesses to stay open all year round. We need to support each other to help this World Heritage Site and its community to prosper for future generations.”

How far is Sycamore Gap from Housesteads?

5.1 miles
About. Create your own. Circular | 8.14km (5.1 miles) | Difficulty: Easy This route follows a number of well kept paths to guide walkers from the Roman Fort at Housesteads along Hadrian’s Wall to the iconic Sycamore Gap.

Are dogs allowed at Hadrians Wall?

Dogs on leads are allowed everywhere except in the museum. There are loops in the walls of the museum if owners want to tie their dogs to them while they look around inside, and a bowl of water to keep their dogs hydrated.

Where do you stay when you walk Hadrian’s wall?

Usually, Hadrian’s Wall path walkers carry on to stay in (or near) Heddon-on-the-Wall after their first day of walking. I could find zero places to stay in this tiny village! So we had to cut our first day short and stay in Newburn at The Keelman lodge.

When did the Romans leave Vindolanda?

Each re-build, each community, leaving their own distinctive mark on the landscape and archaeology of the site. After Hadrian’s Wall and the Roman occupation was abandoned by its imperial armies Vindolanda remained in use for over 400 years before finally becoming abandoned in the 9th century.

Why is Vindolanda called Vindolanda?

Vindolanda means white lawns or white fields. We know that the Roman name for the fort was Vindolanda because of an altar set up by the civilians at Vindolanda to the god Vulcan which was found during drainage works in 1914. The altar is on display in the Vindolanda museum.

Why is Sycamore Gap famous?

The Sycamore Gap tree is one of the most photographed in the country. It stands in a dramatic dip in Hadrian’s Wall in the Northumberland National Park. In late 2016 it took the crown for English Tree of the Year in the Woodland Trust’s awards.

How difficult is the walk to Sycamore Gap?

Explore the most spectacular section of Hadrian’s Wall on this 4-mile circular route encompassing ancient Roman ruins, a glacial lake, and the iconic Sycamore Gap. Difficulty: Moderate – predominantly on footpaths and tracks, with some short, steep ascents.

Where do you stay when you walk Hadrian’s Wall?

Why visit Housesteads Roman fort?

Not yet an EH member? Set high on a dramatic escarpment on Hadrian’s Wall World Heritage Site, Housesteads Roman Fort takes you back to the Roman Empire. Wander the barrack blocks and the hospital. Peer into the oldest toilets you’ll ever see, and admire the stunning panoramic views from this ancient fortress.

What is the history of Housesteads?

The fort was built in stone around AD 124, soon after the construction of the wall began in AD 122 when the area was part of the Roman province of Britannia. Its name has been variously given as Vercovicium, Borcovicus, Borcovicium, and Velurtion. The name of the 18th-century farmhouse of Housesteads gives the modern name.

What is the fort at Housesteads called?

The fort at Housesteads, known as Vercovicium, is built. The Wall is completed at the end of Hadrian’s reign and is garrisoned by nearly 10,000 men. Housesteads is one of 15 forts along the Wall.

Who was the tenant of Housesteads?

In 1604 Hugh Nixon, “Stealer of cattle and receiver of stolen goods”, became the tenant of Housesteads farm. From 1663, Housesteads was the home of the Armstrongs, a notorious family of Border Reivers. Nicholas Armstrong bought the farm in 1692, only to have to sell it again in 1694 to Thomas Gibson of Hexham for the sum of £485.