Why the carbon compounds are tetravalent?
(3) Carbon being tetravalent, one carbon atom can from bonds with four other atoms (carbon or any other). This results in formation of many compounds. These compounds possess different properties as per the atoms to which carbon is bonded.
Why a tetravalent carbon is more stable?
Tetravalence of Carbon It has 4 valence electrons, so the probability of formation of four bonds is maximum. The bonds formed by the s orbital electrons will not be the same as that of p orbital electrons.
What is tetravalent element?
A tetravalent element is an elemental atom with four electrons available to form bonds with other atoms. Good examples are carbon and silicon; their tetravalance allows them to form highly complex molecules, hence the complexity of life and computers.
What are tetravalent elements examples?
Tetravalent elements are those elements which have a valency of four i.e. have four electrons in the outermost shell. Some examples are the elements belonging to group 14 like carbon, silicon, germanium etc. Hope this helps.
What is Tetravalency of carbon with example?
The tetravalency of carbon is displayed in the way methane, a compound of carbon is formed. Since carbon has four valence electrons, it pairs with four atoms of hydrogen to form methane – a noble gas. Electron dot structure for a compound of carbon called methane.
Why is carbon tetravalent Brainly?
Answer. Carbon is considered tetravalent because it has four electrons in its outermost orbital. In order to follow the octet rule, it has to share four other electrons with other atoms.
Why is carbon tetravalent and not divalent?
Carbon has 6 electrons. In the first shell only 2 electrons can be accommodated. So now we are left with 4 electrons, which are accommodated in the second shell, which is the outermost shell of carbon atom. Since the outermost shell of carbon atom consists of 4 electrons, Carbon is tetravalent.
What is a trivalent atom?
An atom, with a valency of three, which thus can form three covalent bonds is called a trivalent. For example, nitrogen (N), aluminum (Al), etc. have a valency of three.
Which atom is tetravalent in ground state?
Thus, carbon is tetravalent (It means the valency of carbon is 4.)
What is meant by Tetravalency?
Definition of ‘tetravalence’ 1. the condition of having a valency of four. 2. the condition of having four valencies. the tetravalence of carbon.
What is divalent and tetravalent?
Divalent: An atom having two covalent bonds. In this molecule the hydrogen atom and chlorine atoms are monovalent, the oxygen atom is divalent, the nitrogen atom is trivalent, and the carbon atom is tetravalent.
What is trivalent and examples?
An atom, ion, or elements with a valence of three, is called trivalent. Examples for trivalent atoms are Nitrogen, Aluminium, Phosphorous, etc. Additional information: A sigma bond is the strongest type of covalent bond, in which the atomic orbitals directly overlap between the nuclei of two atoms.
Why is carbon tetravalent hybridization?
Ans: The reason behind the tetravalent nature of the carbon atom is that it readily shares its four valence electrons with other atoms. Instead of gaining or losing electrons, it attains stability by sharing electrons. As it shares four electrons, Carbon is said to exhibit tetravalency.
What is catenation and tetravalent?
Catenation: It is the ability to form bonds with other atoms of carbon. Tetravalency: With the valency of four, carbon is capable of bonding with four other atoms.