Why does my ankle hurt during plantar flexion?
Pain felt to the rear of the ankle is the result of compression of the soft tissue or bone when ‘plantar flexion’ occurs, where the foot and ankle are angled away from the body. Impingement can be a consequence of ineffective rehabilitation following an injury and may also be due to bone spurs and arthritis.
What is ankle plantar flexion?
Plantar flexion describes the extension of the ankle so that the foot points down and away from the leg. When in a standing position, this would mean pointing the foot towards the floor. Plantar flexion has a normal range of motion from about 20 to 50 degrees from the resting position.
Is plantar flexion ankle flexion?
During dorsiflexion, the foot points more superiorly at the ankle joint. During plantar flexion, the foot points more inferiorly at the ankle joint. When walking on the heels, the ankle joint is in dorsiflexion. The ankle joint is in plantar flexion when pressing down on a car pedal.
What causes pain on plantar flexion?
Overuse and strain to the arch as the foot flexes can create inflammation and small tears in the plantar fascia that lead to pain. Other injuries that can result from plantar flexion include sprained ankles and pulled muscles in the calf and legs, Achilles tendonitis, and shin splints.
What causes pain with dorsiflexion?
These symptoms are caused by a dorsiflexion-inversion stress injury that pulls the peroneal retinaculum off the lateral malleolus. Athletes usually complain of snapping and sudden sharp pain when changing directions or pushing off with the foot.
Why is it called plantar flexion?
Plantar flexion is derived from the Latin planta, “sole”, and flectere, “to bend.” Early modern scientists often coined new kinesiological terms by combining the Latin names for body parts with its directionality.
What are plantar flexors?
The plantar flexors are the flexor hallucis longus and brevis (great toe), the flexor digitorum longus (the lateral four toes at the DIP joints), and the flexor digitorum brevis (the lateral four toes at the PIP joints).
What is dorsiflexion vs plantar flexion?
Dorsiflexion occurs when you lift the forward portion of the foot up (rocking back on your heels with the balls of your feet elevated). Plantarflexion occurs when you push the forward portion of the foot down (raising your heels off the ground as you go up on the balls of your feet).
What muscle causes plantar flexion of the ankle?
The action of soleus, gastrocnemius, and plantaris is to produce plantar flexion at the ankle joint.
What muscles do plantar flexion at the ankle joint?
The action of soleus, gastrocnemius, and plantaris is to produce plantar flexion at the ankle joint. Their action lifts us up off the ground when we stand on tip-toe.
What is normal ROM for ankle plantar flexion?
Reference Values for Normal Joint Range of Motion
|Ankle plantar flexion||56.5 (55.0 – 58.0)||49.4 (47.7 – 51.1)|
|Shoulder flexion||168.1 (166.7 – 169.5)||164.0 (162.3 – 165.7)|
|Elbow flexion||148.3 (147.3 – 149.3)||143.5 (142.3 – 144.7)|
|Elbow extension||3.6 (2.6 – 4.6)||-0.7 (-1.5 – 0.1)|
Where is the plantar flexion?
What is plantar flexion? Plantar flexion is a movement in which the top of your foot points away from your leg. You use plantar flexion whenever you stand on the tip of your toes or point your toes. Every person’s natural range of movement in this position is different.
Why is ankle extension called plantar flexion?
Answer and Explanation: Ankle extension is called plantar flexion because you actually flex the muscle called the plantaris muscle.
What causes plantar flexion weakness?
Deficits in the ankle plantarflexor muscles, such as weakness and contracture, occur commonly in conditions such as cerebral palsy, stroke, muscular dystrophy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, and sarcopenia.
What is plantar flexion weakness?
Walking with plantarflexor weakness Plantarflexor weakness decreases the capacity of muscles to generate ankle plantarflexion moments, which are critical for generating forward propulsion during walking [1,2,17].