Where is Kunjin virus found?
Kunjin virus disease is a viral infection caused by a flavivirus (Kunjin virus) found in mainland Australia and Papua New Guinea. It is closely related to West Nile virus which is found in Africa, Europe and the USA. The virus is spread by the bite of certain mosquitoes.
What are the symptoms of West Nile virus?
Most people (8 out of 10) infected with West Nile virus do not develop any symptoms. Febrile illness (fever) in some people. About 1 in 5 people who are infected develop a fever with other symptoms such as headache, body aches, joint pains, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash.
Where is West Nile virus found?
West Nile Virus (WNV) can cause neurological disease and death in people. WNV is commonly found in Africa, Europe, the Middle East, North America and West Asia.
What are the symptoms of Murray Valley Encephalitis?
Most people who get infected never have symptoms. Symptoms of Murray Valley encephalitis can include fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, and tiredness. Some people may develop severe symptoms including confusion, trouble speaking, and lack of coordination.
Can a blood test detect West Nile virus?
If you’re infected, a blood test may show a rising level of antibodies to the West Nile virus. Antibodies are immune system proteins that attack foreign substances, such as viruses. A blood test may not show antibodies at first; another test may need to be done a few weeks later to show the rising level of antibodies.
What organs does West Nile virus affect?
West Nile virus (WNV) is a potentially serious illness that can attack the nervous system of animals and humans. The virus interferes with normal central nervous system functioning and causes inflammation of brain tissue.
How long does Murray Valley Encephalitis last?
Usually 7 to 12 days, but can be as short as 5 days or as long as 28 days.
What are symptoms of West Nile virus in adults?
Common signs and symptoms include:
- Body aches.
- Skin rash.
Can you fully recover from West Nile virus?
Less than 1% of the people who do get infected with the West Nile virus develop severe symptoms or complications. Almost all of those people fully recover. Of the small number of people who do get severely ill from West Nile virus, about 10% will die.
What does West Nile virus do to the brain?
Most often, the West Nile virus causes mild, flu-like symptoms. But, the virus can cause life-threatening illnesses, such as: Encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) Meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord)
Can West Nile virus cause autoimmune disease?
Conclusions: Our case indicates that West Nile Virus infections can trigger autoimmune encephalitis. Our finding expands the spectrum of autoimmune conditions that can develop following an infection.
What are the symptoms of Murray Valley encephalitis?