What is Xeno biochemistry?
The biochemistry of organic compounds foreign to the organism.
What is the difference between astrobiology and exobiology?
Astrobiology is concerned with the study of life on Earth and in Space. Exobiology is concerned with the study of the likelihood of the existence of life on other planets and what form(s) it might take.
What does Exobiologist mean?
: a branch of biology concerned with the search for life outside the earth and with the effects of extraterrestrial environments on living organisms.
What are examples of xenobiotics?
Xenobiotic is a term used to describe chemical substances that are foreign to animal life and thus includes such examples as plant constituents, drugs, pesticides, cosmetics, flavorings, fragrances, food additives, industrial chemicals and environmental pollutants.
What are the three phases of metabolism?
The metabolism of xenobiotics is often divided into three phases:- modification, conjugation, and excretion.
What is a synthetic human?
Synthetic human secretin is a form of secretin that is made in the laboratory. Secretin causes the pancreas, liver, and stomach to release substances that help digest food. Also called ChiRhoStim and secretin human.
What is synthetic system?
A more detailed definition of synthetic biology Synthetic biology is the design and construction of new biological entities such as enzymes, genetic circuits, and cells or the redesign of existing biological systems.
What are xeno nucleotides?
Xeno nucleic acids (XNAs) are artificial genetic systems based on sugar-modified nucleotides. Herein, we investigate double-headed nucleotides as a new XNA.
What is the purpose of XNA?
One of their goals is to design an orthogonal chromosome different from DNA and RNA, termed XNA for xeno nucleic acids. XNA exhibits a variety of structural chemical changes relative to its natural counterparts. These changes make this novel information-storing biopolymer “invisible” to natural biological systems.
What is Exomicrobiology?
Astromicrobiology or exomicrobiology, is the study of microorganisms in outer space. Microorganisms in outer space are most wide spread form of life on Earth, and are capable of colonizing any environment, this article usually focus on microbial life in the field of astrobiology.
Are antibiotics xenobiotics?
The most studied xenobiotics affecting microbes are antibiotics. These medicinal weapons against disease have been with us for some 70 years and for the most part have helped save millions of lives.