# What is the relationship between marginal cost and marginal benefit?

## What is the relationship between marginal cost and marginal benefit?

The marginal cost (MC) is the cost of the last unit produced or consumed, and marginal benefit is the utility gained from that last unit. Both marginal benefit and marginal cost are economic principles that businesses and consumers employ when trying to maximize their utility.

## When average cost and marginal cost are equal what happens?

Therefore, the only possible point at which marginal cost equals average variable or average total cost is the minimum point. The point at which marginal cost equals average total cost (MC = ATC) is known as the break-even point.

How do you interpret a marginal benefit graph?

Over a particular range of quantity, the area under a marginal benefit curve equals the total benefit of that quantity, and the area under the marginal cost curve equals the total cost of that quantity.

When marginal benefit is higher than marginal cost?

If marginal benefit exceeds marginal cost, resources use will be more efficiently if the quantity is increased. If marginal cost exceeds marginal benefit, resource use will be more efficiently if the quantity is increased.

### Why is it important to compare marginal costs to marginal benefits?

It is important to consider marginal benefits and costs when you do a cost benefit analysis because it shows you what the best choice is of what you are getting and what you are giving up.

### Why is the marginal benefit curve downward sloping and why is the marginal cost curve upward sloping?

The marginal social benefit curve, MSB, is downward sloping because it is progressively harder, and therefore more expensive, to achieve a further reduction in pol- lution as the total amount of pollution falls.

What is the relationship between marginal cost MC and average cost AC curves?

The relationship between the marginal cost and average cost is the same as that between any other marginal-average quantities. When marginal cost is less than average cost, average cost falls and when marginal cost is greater than average cost, average cost rises.

What is the relationship between marginal cost curve and average cost curve?

The marginal cost curve intersects both the average variable cost curve and (short-run) average total cost curve at their minimum points. When the marginal cost curve is above an average cost curve the average curve is rising. When the marginal costs curve is below an average curve the average curve is falling.

#### When marginal benefit is less than marginal cost?

If the marginal benefit is less than the marginal cost, the quantity should be reduced. Net benefit is maximized at the point at which marginal benefit equals marginal cost. The marginal decision rule is at the heart of the economic way of thinking.

#### How does the relationship between marginal cost and marginal benefit impact producers quizlet?

How does the relationship between marginal cost and marginal benefit impact producers? It helps producers decide how much of a good to make.

What should a business do when marginal benefit is less than marginal cost?

Businesses should only make extra units if the marginal benefit exceeds the marginal cost. Marginal cost and benefit are also excellent analytical tools for decision-making. Changing any course of action will almost always involve a change in costs and benefits.

When the MC curve and MR curve intersect each other are called?

Production occurs where marginal cost and marginal revenue intersect. Perfect Competition: In a perfectly competitive market, the marginal revenue curve is horizontal and equal to demand, or price. Production occurs where marginal cost and marginal revenue intersect.

## What is the relationship between the marginal cost curve and the average total cost curve between the marginal cost curve and the average variable cost curve explain?

A similar relationship holds between marginal cost and average variable cost. When marginal cost is less than average variable cost, average variable cost is decreasing. When marginal cost is greater than average variable cost, average variable cost is increasing.

What is the relationship between average and marginal cost with the help of a diagram?

It can be clearly seen that when marginal cost (M) is above the average cost (A), the average cost rises which is shown by the rising arrow. On the other hand, when the marginal cost (M) is below the average cost (A), then the average cost falls, as is shown by the falling arrow.

When the marginal cost curve is above the average cost curve?

When the marginal cost curve is above an average cost curve the average curve is rising. When the marginal costs curve is below an average curve the average curve is falling. This relation holds regardless of whether the marginal curve is rising or falling.

### How does the relationship between marginal cost and marginal benefit impact producers?

Marginal benefit impacts the customer, while marginal cost impacts the producer. Companies need to take both concepts into consideration when manufacturing, pricing, and marketing a product. Marginal benefit is the maximum amount of money a consumer is willing to pay for an additional good or service.

### Why is the demand curve referred to as a marginal benefit curve?

The demand curve shows the willingness to pay for an additional unit of the good or service, so it is equal to the marginal benefit of that good. Therefore, the demand curve is referred to as the marginal benefit curve.