## What is the difference between REML and ML?

The idea of Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML) comes from realization that the variance estimator given by the Maximum Likelihood (ML) is biased. What is an estimator and in which way it is biased? An estimator is simply an approximation / estimate of model parameters.

**Why is REML false?**

If your random effects are nested, or you have only one random effect, and if your data are balanced (i.e., similar sample sizes in each factor group) set REML to FALSE, because you can use maximum likelihood. If your random effects are crossed, don’t set the REML argument because it defaults to TRUE anyway.

### What is REML mixed model?

Select menu: Stats | Mixed Models (REML) | Linear Mixed Models. This dialog provides facilities for analysis of linear mixed models and estimation of variance components using the method of residual maximum likelihood (REML), which is also sometimes called restricted maximum likelihood.

**What does REML false mean?**

1) REML = FALSE is used in case of comparing models with different “Fixed effects” (during the simplification of model) 2) REML = TRUE is used in case of different random effects on the comparing models.

#### Does Glmer use REML?

Glmer() always uses Maximum Likelihood (ML) rather than REstricted Maximum Likelihood (REML) (http://glmm.wikidot.com/faq#reml-glmm).

**What is REML in meta analysis?**

Maximum likelihood (REML) approach is a particular form of maximum likelihood estimation which does not base estimates on a maximum likelihood fit of all the information, but instead uses a likelihood function calculated from a transformed set of data.

## What is lme4?

lme4 uses modern, efficient linear algebra methods as implemented in the Eigen package, and uses reference classes to avoid undue copying of large objects; it is therefore likely to be faster and more memory-efficient than nlme. • lme4 includes generalized linear mixed model (GLMM) capabilities, via the glmer function.

**What is MCMCglmm?**

MCMCglmm is a package for fitting Generalised Linear Mixed Models using Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques (Hadfield 2009). Most commonly used distributions like the normal and the Pois- son are supported together with some useful but less popular ones like the zero-inflated Poisson and the multinomial.

### What package is lme4?

the Eigen package

lme4 uses modern, efficient linear algebra methods as implemented in the Eigen package, and uses reference classes to avoid undue copying of large objects; it is therefore likely to be faster and more memory-efficient than nlme.

**What does REML stand for?**

Restricted maximum likelihood. In statistics, the restricted (or residual, or reduced) maximum likelihood ( REML) approach is a particular form of maximum likelihood estimation that does not base estimates on a maximum likelihood fit of all the information, but instead uses a likelihood function calculated from a transformed set of data,…

#### What is restricted maximum likelihood (REML)?

The idea of Restricted Maximum Likelihood (REML) comes from realization that the variance estimator given by the Maximum Likelihood (ML) is biased. What is an estimator and in which way it is biased? An estimator is simply an approximation / estimate of model parameters.

**Who is the director of Remo movie?**

Remo (film) Remo is a 2016 Indian Tamil-language romantic comedy film written and directed by debutante Bakkiyaraj Kannan and produced by R. D. Raja under the banner 24AM Studios.

## Where was Remo (2016) filmed?

The project was started, with the announcement of technical crew on 1 July 2015. Principal photography of this film took place on 25 October 2015 in Chennai, and continued till 2 August 2016. Filming was held in Chennai, Vizag and Pondicherry. The film’s title Remo was announced in February 2016.