What is the arrangement of Lactococcus lactis?

What is the arrangement of Lactococcus lactis?

Lactococcus lactis is a spherical-shaped, gram-positive cocci bacterium that groups in pairs and short chains. It was originally classified under Streptococcus lactis due to its chain forming ability, but was reclassified in 1985. The bacterium is non-sporulating and non motile.

Is Lactococcus lactis oxidase positive or negative?

Lactic Acid Bacteria | Lactococcus lactis They are Gram-positive, catalase-negative, facultatively anaerobic, nonmotile, and non-spore-forming.

Is Lactococcus lactis aerobic or anaerobic?

facultative anaerobic lactic
Lactococcus lactis, a facultative anaerobic lactic acid bacterium, is known to have an increased growth yield when grown aerobically in the presence of heme.

How will the arrangement of the Lactococcus lactis in broth differ?

How will the arrangement of the Lactococcus lactis in broth differ from the arrangement in the slant culture? In the broth, the bacteria will grow in a small area and are closer together. In the slant culture, the bacteria will be more spread out.

Why was the arrangement of Lactococcus in the broth culture different?

Why was the arrangement of lactococcus from the broth culture, different than that from the slant culture in the second period? – In the broth they were able to grow freely and on top of each other. – In the slant they were able to grow in a way that shows binary fission on one plane.

Why is MRS agar used for Lactobacillus?

Lactobacillus MRS Agar (LMRS) is an enriched selective medium for the isolation and cultivation of Lactobacillus found in clinical, dairy, and food specimens. Lactobacillus MRS (deMan, Rogosa, and Sharpe) agar is an enriched selective medium for the cultivation of Lactobacillus from clinical, dairy, and food specimens.

Is Lactococcus lactis catalase positive?

Enterococci, streptococci, and lactococci are catalase-negative, Gram-positive cocci that are usually facultative anaerobes.

Does Lactococcus lactis need oxygen?

Oxygen is a major determinant of both survival and mortality of aerobic organisms. For the facultative anaerobe Lactococcus lactis, oxygen has negative effects on both growth and survival. We show here that oxygen can be beneficial to L. lactis if heme is present during aerated growth.

What is the shape of Lactobacillus?

Lactobacilli [sing: lactobacillus] are a rod-shaped, Gram-positive, fermentative, facultative anaerobic or microaerophilic organotrophs. Normally, they form straight rods but under certain conditions spiral or coccobacillary forms have been observed. In most cases they form chains of varying length.

What is the primary use of slants?

What is the primary use of slants? Provides a solid growth area that is easier to store.

What is the primary use of slants and why?

Micro Lab Exercise 4

Question Answer
What is the primary use of slants? Long-term storage. Pure cultures.
What is the primary use of deeps? To store anaerobic bacteria. To test oxygen requirements.
What is the primary use of broths? To grow large amounts of bacteria.

Why MRS broth is used for Lactobacillus?

The MRS broth contains sources of carbon, nitrogen, and vitamins to support the growth of lactobacilli and other organisms. Enzymatic Digest of Animal Tissue, Beef Extract, and Yeast Extract are the carbon, nitrogen, and vitamin sources used to satisfy general growth requirements in Lactobacilli MRS Broth.

How do you grow Lactobacillus in MRS broth?

Preparation of Lactobacilli MRS Broth

  1. Suspend 55.15 grams in 1000 ml distilled water.
  2. Heat if necessary to dissolve the medium completely.
  3. Distribute in tubes, bottles or flasks as desired.
  4. Sterilize by autoclaving at 15 lbs pressure (121°C) for 15 minutes.

What is the typical colony morphology for Lactobacillus?


Gram Stain: Positive.
Morphology: Long, slender rods to short, coryneform coccobacilli.
Size: 0.5-1.2 micrometers by 1.0-10.0 micrometers.
Motility: Non-motile, rarely showing motility by peritrichous flagella.
Capsules: None.

How does Lactococcus lactis ferment lactose?

Lactococci ferment lactose homofermentatively. Dairy strains phosphorylate lactose on translocation into the cell using a phosphoenolpyruvate-dependent phosphotransferase system (PEP:PTS). The lactose phosphate is then cleaved intracellularly to glucose and galactose-6-phosphate by β-d-phosphogalactosidase.