What is site PP in Puppet?

What is site PP in Puppet?

The Puppet site manifest (site. pp) is the main file that Puppet uses to define global system configuration.

What is init PP in Puppet?

The init. pp manifest is the main class of a module and, unlike other classes or defined types, it is referred to only by the name of the module itself. For example, the class in init. pp in the puppetlabs-motd module is the mot d class.

Where is the Puppet manifest?

Puppet programs are called manifests. Manifests are composed of puppet code and their filenames use the . pp extension. The default main manifest in Puppet installed via apt is /etc/puppet/manifests/site.

How do you run a Puppet code?

  1. Install PE.
  2. Add nodes to the inventory.
  3. Add code and set up Code Manager.
  4. Manage Apache configuration on *nix targets. Add a module. Configure your desired state. Organize webserver configurations with roles and profiles.
  5. Manage IIS configuration on Windows targets. Add a module. Configure your desired state.
  6. Next steps.

What is hiera in Puppet?

Hiera is a built-in key-value configuration data lookup system, used for separating data from Puppet code. About Hiera. Puppet’s strength is in reusable code. Code that serves many needs must be configurable: put site-specific information in external configuration data files, rather than in the code itself.

What is ENC Puppet?

An external node classifier (ENC) is an arbitrary script or application which can tell Puppet which classes a node should have. It can replace or work in concert with the node definitions in the main site manifest ( site. pp ).

Where are Puppet modules stored?

On Windows: C:/ProgramData/PuppetLabs/code/environments/production/modules;C:/ProgramData/PuppetLabs/code/modules.

What is r10k Puppet?

r10k is a code management tool that allows you to manage your environment configurations (such as production, testing, and development) in a source control repository.

What is Puppet used for?

Puppet is an open source software configuration management and deployment tool. It’s most commonly used on Linux and Windows to pull the strings on multiple application servers at once. But you can also use Puppet on several platforms, including IBM mainframes, Cisco switches, and Mac OS servers.

What is Puppet code?

Puppet code is made up mostly of resource declarations. A resource describes a specific element about the system’s desired state. For example, it can include that a specific file should exist or a package should be installed. A Puppet program, called a manifest, has a file name that uses the “. pp” extension.

What is Puppet run?

In a Puppet run, the primary server and agent nodes perform the following actions: The agent node sends facts to the primary server and requests a catalog. The primary server compiles and returns the agent’s catalog. The agent applies the catalog by checking each resource the catalog describes.

How is hiera organized?

Hiera looks up data by following a hierarchy — an ordered list of data sources. Hierarchies are configured in a hiera. yaml configuration file. Each level of the hierarchy tells Hiera how to access some kind of data source.

What is a puppet catalog?

A catalog is a document that describes the desired state for each resource that Puppet manages on a node. A primary server typically compiles a catalog from manifests of Puppet code.

What is external node classifier?

How do you create a directory in Puppet?

Adding a / to the end of a file name isn’t enough to tell puppet to make a directory, so it creates a file instead, and silently drops the / off the end of the name. You can use a number of parameters from the file type to control the directories properties, such as the owner , group and mode (permissions).

What is Puppetfile?

A Puppetfile is a formatted text file that specifies the modules and data that you want brought into your control repo. Typically, a Puppetfile controls content such as: Modules from the Forge. Modules from Git repositories. Data from Git repositories.

Which of the following is used by r10k to manage Puppet environments?

Using the source control repo branches, r10k creates environments on Puppet master machine installs and updates environment using modules present in the repo. Gem file can be used to install r10k on any machine but for modularity and in order to get the latest version, we will use rpm and rpm package manager.