What is gingival zenith position?
Gz (Gingival zenith position) measured as the distance of the highest gingival margin position to the vertical bisected line (VBM), bisecting the midline of the apical (ACAP) and incisal contact area positions of the teeth.
What is contour of gingiva?
The normal arching appearance of the gingiva along the cervical part of the teeth and rounding off toward the attached gingiva.
How do you test for consistency gingival?
Healthy gingiva is of a firm consistency upon palpation. The surface texture of the attached gingiva bears multiple small depressions. This characteristic is termed stippling and is similar to the peel of an orange. Stippling is best viewed by drying the gingiva (Newman et al.
What is gingival level?
The gingival margin of the alveolar process that extends between the teeth is apparent on radiographs as a radiopaque line—the alveolar crest (Fig. 8-8). The level of this bony crest is considered normal when it is not more than 1.5 mm from the cementoenamel junction of the adjacent teeth.
What is marginal gingiva?
The terminal edge of gingiva (gums) that surrounds the teeth is known as the gingival margin (marginal gingiva). Roughly half of individuals have a gingival margin that is demarcated from the adjacent gingiva by a shallow linear depression (free gingival groove).
What is golden proportion in dentistry?
The golden percentage was calculated by dividing the width of each central incisor, lateral incisor and canine by the total width of all six maxillary anterior teeth and multiplying the resulting value by 100, in order to obtain the golden percentage for each tooth.
What is scalloped gingiva?
Thin gingival tissue is associated with a thin band of the keratinized tissue, scalloped gingival contour suggestive of thin bony architecture and is more sensitive to inflammation and trauma.
What is normal size of gingiva?
 The width of attached gingiva varies in different areas of the mouth and have been given a range of 1–9 mm, 1–4 mm, 0–g5 mm.  In the present study, the range of the mean width of attached gingiva varied from 1 mm to 4 mm.
What is the normal color of gingiva?
What color is the human gingiva? It is frequently described as “coral pink” and is dependent upon the thickness of epithelium, the degree of keratinization, the magnitude of pigmentation, and the underlying vascularization1.
How do you describe gingival margin?
What is difference between marginal gingiva and free gingiva?
The free gingival margin is the area located between the sulcular epithelium and the epithelium of the oral cavity. This interface exists at the most coronal point of the gingiva, which is also known as the crest of the marginal gingiva. The gingival margin (F) is the most coronal point of the gingiva.
What is red proportion in dentistry?
RED proportion was calculated by dividing the width of each lateral incisor by the width of the adjacent central incisor and the resulting number was multiplied by 100. Similarly, the width of each canine was divided by the width of adjacent lateral incisor and the resulting number was multiplied by 100.
What is gingival biotype?
Gingival biotype is the thickness of the gingiva in the faciopalatal dimension. It has a significant impact on the outcome of the restorative, regenerative and implant therapy. It has been suggested that a direct co-relation exists with the susceptibility of gingival recession followed by any surgical procedure.
Where is the mucogingival junction?
A mucogingival junction is a feature which is located on the intraoral mucosa. The mucosa which is present on the cheeks and on the floor of the mouth is freely moveable and more fragile. In contrast, the mucosa which surrounds the teeth and is on the palate of the mouth is more firm and contains keratin (keratinized).