What is calcium phosphate Bioceramic?
Abstract. Calcium phosphate bioceramics and cements are bone grafting materials that exhibit unique bioactive and osteoconductive properties that make them a viable alternative for bone regeneration from more traditional autograft and allograft techniques.
What are Bioceramics used for?
Bioceramics are used mainly for repair and reconstruction of diseased or damaged parts of the musculoskeletal system. The choice of a particular bioceramic for a given application will depend on the type of bioceramic/tissue attachment required.
What are the properties of calcium phosphate?
Calcium phosphate appears as a white amorphous or crystalline powder that is odourless and tasteless. It is insoluble in ethanol, acetic acid but soluble in dilute nitric acid and hydrochloric acid. It slightly dissolves in water. It is found in bones, milk, teeth, and ground.
What does calcium phosphate do in bones?
Calcium phosphate has been widely used in bone regeneration applications because it shows osteoconductive and in some cases osteoinductive features. The release of calcium and phosphorus ions regulates the activation of osteoblasts and osteoclasts to facilitate bone regeneration.
What is calcium phosphate used for?
Calcium phosphate (tricalcium phosphate) is a mineral that is used as a supplement in people who do not get enough calcium from food. Calcium phosphate is used to treat calcium deficiencies that may be associated with low blood calcium, a parathyroid disorder, or osteoporosis and other bone conditions.
What are bioceramics made of?
Bioceramics, made from a calcium phosphate material containing tiny pores, have been used to coat metal joint implants or used as unloaded space fillers for bone ingrowth.
Is hydroxyapatite organic?
Calcium hydroxyapatite (HA), Ca10(PO4)6(OH)2, is an important inorganic material in biology and chemistry.
Is calcium phosphate hazardous?
Potential Health Effects Inhalation May be harmful if inhaled. May cause respiratory tract irritation. Skin May be harmful if absorbed through skin. May cause skin irritation.
What are the side effects of calcium phosphate?
Calcium phosphate side effects
- severe nausea, vomiting, or constipation; or.
- high blood calcium–confusion, tiredness, loss of appetite, increased thirst or urination, weight loss; or.
- symptoms of a kidney stone–severe pain in your side or lower back, blood in your urine, painful urination.
What is bioceramics in dentistry?
Bioceramics refer to biomaterials that are used in direct contact with living tissue in the medical and dental field. Various types of bioceramics that are available in medicine and dentistry, include bioinert bioceramics like Zirconia and Alumina that do not react with the environment they are in contact with.
Is hydroxyapatite a ceramic?
Hydroxyapatite (HAp) is a calcium phosphate ceramic.
Is calcium phosphate flammable?
While none of the forms of calcium phosphate is flammable, they can all irritate the skin, eyes, and respiratory system. Tricalcium phosphate is the most hazardous of the family of compounds.