What is a molecular probe used for?

What is a molecular probe used for?

A molecular probe is a group of atoms or molecules used in molecular biology or chemistry to study the properties of other molecules or structures.

What is a probe in molecular genetics?

A probe is a single-stranded sequence of DNA or RNA used to search for its complementary sequence in a sample genome. The probe is placed into contact with the sample under conditions that allow the probe sequence to hybridize with its complementary sequence.

What is HCR probe?

HCR probe sets comprising one or more split-initiator probe pairs enable multiplexed quantitative RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (RNA-FISH), RNA flow cytometry, and northern blotting with automatic background suppression throughout the protocol.

How are molecular probes prepared?

Abstract. Preparation of probes for hybridization involves in vitro incorporation of reporter molecules into nuclei acids. These reporters can be incorporated at one or both ends of nucleic acid molecules, giving specific, low density labeled probes.

Why molecular probes are so useful for biological research and medicine?

Small-molecule probes can illuminate biological processes and aid in the assessment of emerging therapeutic targets by perturbing biological systems in a manner distinct from other experimental approaches.

How are DNA probes created?

Long DNA probes can be generated using recombinant DNA techniques as inserts in plasmids. Linearization of plasmid DNA yields a DNA probe of several hundred to several thousand base pairs in length. A standard method of random priming or nick translation is used to introduce labels into this probe.

What is RNA FISH?

RNA FISH (RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization) is a powerful technique that enables the visualization and localization of RNA and protein targets in fixed cells.

How do you make a probe?

Preparation of probes for hybridization involves in vitro incorporation of reporter molecules into nuclei acids. These reporters can be incorporated at one or both ends of nucleic acid molecules, giving specific, low density labeled probes.

Is DNA probe a biotechnology product?

DNA probes are among the exciting first fruits of the new biotechnology. ucts—within the framework of existing laws and regulation. The FDA regards them (in most cases) as medical devices under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cos¬ metic Act, subject to the provisions of the Medical Device Amendments of 1976.

How does CGH work?

Array CGH compares your child’s DNA with a control DNA sample and identifies differences between the two sets of DNA. In this way, deletions or duplications (imbalances) in your child’s DNA can be identified. From this, the gene content of any such imbalance can be established.

What is smFISH used for?

Single molecule fluorescence in situ hybridization (smFISH) is a powerful technique to study gene expression in single cells due to its ability to detect and count individual RNA molecules.

What are FISH probes?

Fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) is a molecular cytogenetic technique that uses fluorescent probes that bind to only particular parts of a nucleic acid sequence with a high degree of sequence complementarity.

What is DNA FISH?

DNA fluorescence in situ hybridization (DNA FISH) is a powerful method to study chromosomal organization in single cells. At present, there is a lack of free resources of DNA FISH probes and probe design tools which can be readily applied.

How do you make RNA probe?

A. Template preparation. DIG-labeled antisense RNA probes are classically prepared by in vitro transcription from linearized DNA template cloned into a vector and flanked by two distinct polymerase promoters on each side of the cloning site (e.g., T7, SP6, or T3).

What is Invitrogen Molecular Probes?

Invitrogen Molecular Probes fluorescence reagents are among the most peer-referenced in all of life science research. Trusted Molecular Probes product lines, including Alexa Fluor, SYTOX, and Click-iT, empower scientists working in cell biology, genetic analysis, protein biology, and cell engineering to make the discoveries…

What software can I use to design molecular beacon probes?

Software packages, such as Beacon Designer TM developed by PREMIER Biosoft International ( www.premierbiosoft.com ), can be used to design efficient molecular beacon probes. The module was developed with our consultation to ensure that it adheres to the guidelines laid.

Is there a “covalent-assembly” principle for probe design?

Yet, the numerous probes developed thus far are actually based on a handful of probe design principles. In this article, we wish to summarize the recent progress of the field toward the use of a novel “covalent-assembly” principle for probe design.

What is the process of molecular beacon design?

The process of molecular beacon design begins with the selection of the probe sequence. If you are designing molecular beacons to detect the synthesis of products during polymerase chain reactions, you can select any region within the amplicon that is outside the primer binding sites.