## What does CCP alpha mean?

Cost complexity pruning provides another option to control the size of a tree. In DecisionTreeClassifier , this pruning technique is parameterized by the cost complexity parameter, ccp_alpha . Greater values of ccp_alpha increase the number of nodes pruned.

### What is Alpha in cost complexity pruning?

‘alpha’ being the penalty and ‘T’ the number of terminal nodes of the tree, as you increase alpha, branches get pruned in a predictable fashion ground up i.e there exists a different subtree that minimizes the cost complexity criterion for each value of the penalty.

#### What is cost complexity?

Cost of complexity is a term often used to describe the costs that are caused by introducing new products and managing the variety of products produced. Many different products would cause a high cost of complexity, fewer and more similar products a low cost of complexity.

**What is cost complexity parameter?**

The complexity parameter is used to define the cost-complexity measure, Rα(T) of a given tree T: Rα(T)=R(T)+α|T| where |T| is the number of terminal nodes in T and R(T) is traditionally defined as the total misclassification rate of the terminal nodes.

**What is the difference between ID3 and C4 5?**

ID3 only work with Discrete or nominal data, but C4. 5 work with both Discrete and Continuous data. Random Forest is entirely different from ID3 and C4. 5, it builds several trees from a single data set, and select the best decision among the forest of trees it generate.

## What is Gini impurity?

Gini impurity is a function that determines how well a decision tree was split. Basically, it helps us to determine which splitter is best so that we can build a pure decision tree. Gini impurity ranges values from 0 to 0.5.

### What is Gini and entropy?

Gini index and entropy is the criterion for calculating information gain. Decision tree algorithms use information gain to split a node. Both gini and entropy are measures of impurity of a node. A node having multiple classes is impure whereas a node having only one class is pure.

#### Why is C4 5 better than ID3?

**Which is better ID3 or cart?**

6. Explain the difference between the CART and ID3 Algorithms. The CART algorithm produces only binary Trees: non-leaf nodes always have two children (i.e., questions only have yes/no answers). On the contrary, other Tree algorithms such as ID3 can produce Decision Trees with nodes having more than two children.

**Why is entropy better than Gini?**

Conclusions. In this post, we have compared the gini and entropy criterion for splitting the nodes of a decision tree. On the one hand, the gini criterion is much faster because it is less computationally expensive. On the other hand, the obtained results using the entropy criterion are slightly better.

## What is Minbucket in decision tree?

The option minbucket provides the smallest number of observations that are allowed in a terminal node. If a split decision breaks up the data into a node with less than the minbucket, it won’t accept it. The minsplit parameter is the smallest number of observations in the parent node that could be split further.

### Is M5 a decision tree?

M5 model tree is a decision tree learner for regression task which is used to predict values of numerical response variable Y [13], which is a binary decision tree having linear regression functions at the terminal (leaf) nodes, which can predict continuous numerical attributes.

#### What is the difference between random tree and decision tree?

The critical difference between the random forest algorithm and decision tree is that decision trees are graphs that illustrate all possible outcomes of a decision using a branching approach. In contrast, the random forest algorithm output are a set of decision trees that work according to the output.