What does a Skew-T diagram show?

What does a Skew-T diagram show?

The Skew-T diagram captures for a point on the surface the profile of the atmosphere above that point. It presents a complete picture of the temperature, the dewpoint and the wind speed and direction from the surface to about 80,000 ft.

How do you find the temperature of a Skew-T?

Wet bulb temperature can be found by the following sequence:

  1. Pick a pressure level.
  2. Find LCL from that pressure level.
  3. From LCL go back down the sounding at the wet adiabatic lapse rate to the original pressure.
  4. This temperature is the wet bulb temperature.

How do radiosondes help predict weather?

A radiosonde is a small, expendable instrument package suspended below a weather balloon. As the balloon rises, sensors on the radiosonde measure values of atmospheric temperature, pressure and relative humidity. These sensors are linked to a radio transmitter, which sends measurements to a ground receiver.

Are radiosondes still used?

Radiosondes provide a primary source of upper-air data and will remain so into the foreseeable future.

How often are radiosondes launched?

Currently, 70 radiosonde stations are distributed across the continental United States. Radiosondes are launched from these stations twice daily, just prior to 0000 and 1200 UTC. Radiosondes can be launched in almost any type of weather.

What do radiosondes measure?

The radiosonde is a small, expendable instrument package that is suspended below a six foot wide balloon filled with hydrogen or helium. As the radiosonde rises at about 1,000 feet/minute (300 meters/minute), sensors on the radiosonde measure profiles of pressure, temperature, and relative humidity.

How are radiosondes used in meteorology?

Radiosondes measure atmospheric pressure, air temperature, water vapor (humidity) and winds (speed and direction). Modern radiosondes contain a GPS receiver to calculate wind speed and direction, and a radio transmitter to send the data back to the ground.

What is CIN and CAPE?

On a skew-T log-P diagram, CIN is any area between the warmer environment virtual temperature profile and the cooler parcel virtual temperature profile. CIN is effectively negative buoyancy, expressed B-; the opposite of convective available potential energy (CAPE), which is expressed as B+ or simply B.

How do you read weather balloon data?

The red numbers on the left side of the diagram are altitude values in kilometers (SFC means the surface, where the balloon was launched). The black numbers on the bottom of the diagram are temperature values in degrees Celsius. Note the temperature lines are tilted up to the upper right (the light pink dashed lines).