What do you mean by system of particles?
A system of particles means a group of particles inter-related. The equations for a system of particles can be readily used to develop those for a rigid body. One new but very important concept introduced with a system of particles is the center of mass.
What is the kinetic energy of system of particle?
The kinetic energy of a particle is the product of one-half its mass and the square of its speed, for non-relativistic speeds. The kinetic energy of a system is the sum of the kinetic energies of all the particles in the system.
What is system of particles in classical mechanics?
A system is said to be composed of free particles when the particles move independently of each other. In this chapter we revisit the definitions, like center of mass, linear and angular momentum, kinetic energies and Newton’s second law for the free-particle system.
What is the total kinetic energy of this system?
Center-of-mass kinetic energy Thus the total kinetic energy of the system is equal to the sum of the kinetic energy of a mass M moving with the center of mass velocity plus the kinetic energy of motion of the individual particles relative to the center of mass.
What is motion of system of particles and rigid body?
The motion of systems of particles and rigid body has concepts such as the centre of mass, torque, angular momentum, conservation of angular momentum, the radius of gyration, and theorems related to perpendicular and parallel axes.
What is system of particles and rotational motion?
every particle of the body moves in a circle, which lies in a plane perpendicular to the axis and has its centre on the axis. Fig. 7.4 shows the rotational motion of a rigid body about a fixed axis (the z-axis of the frame of reference).
How does mass affect the kinetic energy of the body?
The kinetic energy of a moving object is directly proportional to its mass and directly proportional to the square of its velocity. This means that an object with twice the mass and equal speed will have twice the kinetic energy while an object with equal mass and twice the speed will have quadruple the kinetic energy.
Does kinetic energy depend on mass?
The energy transferred is known as kinetic energy, and it depends on the mass and speed achieved. Kinetic energy can be transferred between objects and transformed into other kinds of energy.
What is a classical particle?
A classical particle is a point-like object. The type of particle is defined by properties that define how it interacts: mass (gravity) & charge (electromagnetism). At the subatomic level, there are generalizations of charge that describe interactions with short-range forces, but then quantum effects become important.
What is the kinetic energy of the center of mass of the system?
The kinetic energy of the center of mass (i.e. modeling the system as a point particle with all of its mass concentrated at its center of mass) is called translational kinetic energy. 1. A car of mass 500 kg and a truck of mass 1200 kg are moving directly toward each other at the same speed of 20 m/s.
What is rigid system?
adjective. Laws, rules, or systems that are rigid cannot be changed or varied, and are therefore considered to be rather severe.
What is motion of system of Particles and rigid body?
Which chapter is system of Particles and Rotational Motion?
Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion Class 11 Notes Physics Chapter 7.
How does the mass of an object affect its potential energy?
How does mass affect gravitational potential energy. The gravitational potential energy is largely influenced by the mass of the object. The mass is directly corresponding to the potential energy. Thus increase in the mass makes the object possess more potential energy.
How does the mass affect the kinetic and potential energy of the object?
The more mass an object has, the more kinetic energy it has. According to this equation, what effects K.E. more the mass or the velocity? Potential Energy: Potential energy is called the energy of position.
Is speed affected by mass?
Mass doesn’t affect speed directly. It determines how quickly an object can change speed (accelerate) under the action of a given force. Lighter objects need less time to change speed by a given amount under a given force.
How does mass affect potential energy?
The amount of gravitational potential energy an object has depends on its height and mass. The heavier the object and the higher it is above the ground, the more gravitational potential energy it holds. Gravitational potential energy increases as weight and height increases.
What particles are quantum?
There are two classes of quantum particles, those with a spin multiple of one-half, called fermions, and those with a spin multiple of one, called bosons. The spin quantum number of fermions can be s = +1/2, s = −1/2, or an odd multiple of s = ±1/2. Electrons, protons, and neutrons are fermions.
What is classical system?
The science dealing with the description of the positions of objects in space under the action of forces as a function of time. Some of the laws of mechanics were recognized at least as early as the time of Archimedes (287–212 b.c. ).