What are the symptoms of reactive attachment disorder?

What are the symptoms of reactive attachment disorder?

Signs and symptoms may include:

  • Unexplained withdrawal, fear, sadness or irritability.
  • Sad and listless appearance.
  • Not seeking comfort or showing no response when comfort is given.
  • Failure to smile.
  • Watching others closely but not engaging in social interaction.
  • Failure to reach out when picked up.

What does reactive attachment disorder mean?

Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is a condition where a child doesn’t form healthy emotional bonds with their caretakers (parental figures), often because of emotional neglect or abuse at an early age. Children with RAD have trouble managing their emotions.

What is an example of reactive attachment disorder?

Common signs and symptoms in young children include: An aversion to touch and physical affection. Children with reactive attachment disorder often flinch, laugh, or even say “ouch” when touched. Rather than producing positive feelings, touch and affection are perceived as a threat.

What are the two types of reactive attachment disorder?

There are two main types of reactive attachment disorder: inhibited and disinhibited. Not much research has been done on the signs and symptoms of this disorder beyond early childhood, however as children grow older they may develop either inhibited or disinhibited behavior patterns.

At what age does reactive attachment disorder occur?

Reactive attachment disorder can happen to young children who have been extremely neglected or abused. Reactive attachment disorder is rare. It is only diagnosed in children between the ages of nine months and five years.

How do you test for reactive attachment disorder?

There are no lab tests to diagnose RAD, but the doctor may use various tests to see what may be causing the symptoms. Tests may include neuroimaging or blood tests, to see if physical illness or medication might be causing symptoms.

At what age is reactive attachment disorder diagnosed?

Diagnosis isn’t usually made before 9 months of age. Signs and symptoms typically appear before the age of 5 years. DSM-5 criteria for diagnosis include: A consistent pattern of emotionally withdrawn behavior toward caregivers, shown by rarely seeking or not responding to comfort when distressed.

What is the best treatment for reactive attachment disorder?


  • Encouraging the child’s development by being nurturing, responsive and caring.
  • Providing consistent caregivers to encourage a stable attachment for the child.
  • Providing a positive, stimulating and interactive environment for the child.
  • Addressing the child’s medical, safety and housing needs, as appropriate.

Is reactive attachment disorder an anxiety disorder?

Children with reactive attachment disorder withdraw emotionally and can lack trust in other people. These children may also experience other disorders as a result of anger and control issues, anxiety, and poor self-esteem.

Can you get rid of reactive attachment disorder?

There’s no standard treatment for reactive attachment disorder, but it should involve both the child and parents or primary caregivers. Goals of treatment are to help ensure that the child: Has a safe and stable living situation. Develops positive interactions and strengthens the attachment with parents and caregivers.

What therapy is best for reactive attachment disorder?

Top 10 Treatments for Reactive Attachment Disorder

  • Attachment Therapy.
  • Play Therapy.
  • Trust-Based Relationship Intervention (TBRI)
  • Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing Therapy (EMDR)
  • Biofeedback.
  • Animal-Assisted Therapy (AAT)
  • Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT)
  • Inpatient Treatment.