What are the disorder of the retina and optic nerve?
Because the inner retinal cells, including the retinal ganglion cells, may be destroyed in these diseases (inner retinal or whole retinal), prosthetic devices that stimulate the inner retina may not be effective. Common optic nerve diseases include glaucoma, optic neuritis, and ischemic optic neuropathy.
What causes retinal nerve damage?
The problem most often affects older adults. The optic nerve can also be damaged by shock, toxins, radiation, and trauma. Eye diseases, such as glaucoma, can also cause a form of optic nerve atrophy. The condition can also be caused by diseases of the brain and central nervous system.
What disease affects optic nerve?
Optic neuritis occurs when swelling (inflammation) damages the optic nerve — a bundle of nerve fibers that transmits visual information from your eye to your brain. Common symptoms of optic neuritis include pain with eye movement and temporary vision loss in one eye.
What are some retinal diseases?
Untreated, some retinal diseases can cause severe vision loss or blindness….Common retinal diseases and conditions include:
- Retinal tear.
- Retinal detachment.
- Diabetic retinopathy.
- Epiretinal membrane.
- Macular hole.
- Macular degeneration.
- Retinitis pigmentosa.
Is there any treatment for optic nerve damage?
Optic neuritis usually improves on its own. In some cases, steroid medications are used to reduce inflammation in the optic nerve. Possible side effects from steroid treatment include weight gain, mood changes, facial flushing, stomach upset and insomnia. Steroid treatment is usually given by vein (intravenously).
Does MRI show optic nerve damage?
During an MRI to check for optic neuritis, you might receive an injection of a contrast solution to make the optic nerve and other parts of your brain more visible on the images. An MRI is important to determine whether there are damaged areas (lesions) in your brain.
How common are retinal diseases?
Macular degeneration is an age-related condition of the retina that causes central vision loss. It is very common in individuals over the age of 55, with approximately 10 million people in the United States suffering from the condition.
What vitamins help optic nerves?
Vitamins B12, B6 and B1, called neurotrophic vitamins, are essential to maintain the health of the nervous system, including the optic nerve.
Is there surgery for optic nerve?
Surgery is the most common treatment to correct optic nerve compression. At UPMC, the preferred surgical treatment for optic nerve compression is the Endoscopic Endonasal Approach (EEA).
What is the best treatment for optic nerve damage?
Optic neuritis usually improves on its own. In some cases, steroid medications are used to reduce inflammation in the optic nerve. Possible side effects from steroid treatment include weight gain, mood changes, facial flushing, stomach upset and insomnia.
What is retinal myopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy (die-uh-BET-ik ret-ih-NOP-uh-thee) is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It’s caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).
Can glasses help with optic nerve damage?
There is no known cure, nor effective treatment for Optic Atrophy, and healthcare is directed at the management of symptoms. Although there is no cure, enhanced vision glasses such as eSight may help individuals living with the condition to experience significant improvement in sight.