What are the different types of phonological approaches?
Phonological Contrast Approaches There are four different contrastive approaches—minimal oppositions, maximal oppositions, treatment of the empty set, and multiple oppositions.
What is the cycles approach in speech therapy?
The cycles approach is an evidence-based way to treat phonological disorders in children. Developed by Barbara Hodson, it treats sound patterns and processes instead of individual sounds. Error patterns might include not saying both sounds in a cluster or omitting the final consonants.
How do you choose a phonological approach?
Which phonological therapy approach should you choose?
- Review the approaches that YOU KNOW.
- Consider the child’s temperament, personality, and resilience – this is so important because you want to start therapy off successfully.
- Take your time to probe an approach.
What are the four types of articulation errors?
A child can make the following articulation errors when producing speech sounds: Substitutions, Omissions, Distortions, and/or Additions.
What is the least phonological knowledge approach?
So-called “least-knowledge” targets are those speech sounds with no or very few correct productions. So-called “most-knowledge” targets are sounds the child can say accurately, at least about 20-40% of the time at word level.
What is stridency deletion in speech?
Stridency Deletion (StD) is a phonological process seen in typical development up to the age of 3 1/2 – 4 years. In StD, a strident sound (any fricative or affricate sound) is either deleted or replaced with a non-strident sound (“h” or plosives). Examples: shoe = -oo.
What is the most common phonological process?
Some examples of commonly used phonological processes include but are not limited to:
- Vocalization: final position vocalic /l/ and /er/ becomes rounded vowels /u/ or /o/.
- Vowelization: substitution of a vowel for a consonant.
What is McDonald’s sensory motor approach?
Sensory Motor Approach. -McDonald’s sensory-motor approach. -Based on belief that the syllable is the basic unit of training AND certain phonetic contexts can be used to facilitate correct production of error sound. -Does not include auditory discrimination training.
What is complexity approach in speech therapy?
Within a complexity approach, targets are selected for treatment based on characteristics of the targets (e.g., developmental norms, implicational universals) and characteristics of children’s knowledge of the targets (e.g., accuracy, stimulability).