What are appositive and prepositional phrases?
A prepositional phrase functions as an adverb when it modifies a verb, adjective or another adverb. Kathy was nervous during her interview. Last year I worked as a clown in the circus. An appositive is a noun or pronoun placed near another noun or pronoun to explain or identify it.
What is the difference between gerund phrases and participial phrases?
There are several different types of phrases. A gerund phrase contains a gerund, a verb that acts as a noun and its modifiers. A participle phrase contains a participle, a verb that acts as an adjective and its modifiers.
What are the 3 types of phrases?
Phrases can be divided into three main categories: noun phrases, verb phrases, and modifying phrases.
What is a gerund phrase?
A gerund is a verbal ending in -ing that is used as a noun. A gerund phrase consists of a gerund plus modifier(s), object(s), and/or complement(s). Gerunds and gerund phrases virtually never require punctuation.
What is a participial phrase?
A participle phrase is a group of words containing a participle, modifier, and pronoun or noun phrases. The Pronoun/Noun will act the recipient of the action in the phrase. You need a comma after a Participle Phrase if it comes at the beginning of a sentence and the following phrase is a complete sentence.
What is prepositional phrase example?
It consists of a preposition (“on”) and a noun (“time”). Here’s another example of a prepositional phrase at work: Mark is going out with that beautiful woman. In this example, the prepositional phrase is “with that beautiful woman.” The preposition is “with,” while the object it affects is “woman.”
What is gerund appositive?
A gerund can be used as an appositive, a word or group of words that renames a noun and gives more information about it. For example: >>Genealogy, exploring one’s family roots, often involves research into last names.
What is a example of a appositive phrase?
An appositive is a noun or a noun phrase that renames the noun next to it. It serves the purpose of adding information about another noun. For example, consider the phrase “The boy raced ahead to the finish line. “
What is an appositive phrase?
An appositive is a noun or phrase that renames or describes the noun to which it is next. For ex- ample: In the first sentence, the appositive “my brother” renames Richard, thus identifying who he is. In the second example, the appositive “a well-known lecturer” provides a description of Dr. Smith.
What is a participial phrase example?
A participial phrase is a group of words consisting of a participle and the modifier(s) and/or (pro)noun(s) or noun phrase(s) that function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the participle, such as: Removing his coat, Jack rushed to the river.
What is gerund phrase?
A gerund phrase is a group of words consisting of a gerund and the modifier(s) and/or (pro)noun(s) or noun phrase(s) that function as the direct object(s), indirect object(s), or complement(s) of the action or state expressed in the gerund, such as: The gerund phrase functions as the subject of the sentence.
What is gerund phrase example?
Direct Object Examples In the following examples, the gerund phrase is acting as the direct object in the sentence. The direct object is the noun or pronoun that receives the action of the main verb. I love sleeping through the night. My parents prefer eating dinner alone.
What is a appositive phrase?
What is an example of a gerund phrase?
Gerund phrases can also function as subjects, such as in the sentence “Exercising every day keeps you healthy.” All the words before the verb “keeps” are part of the gerund phrase. More examples include: Reading romance novels is relaxing. Swimming with friends helps me unwind.
What is gerund example?
A gerund is the noun form of a verb that ends in -ing. For example, playing, dancing, eating. Right away this is confusing for students, as they are used to seeing that form as the continuous/progressive form of the verb (“she is eating”, “they were dancing”).
What is appositive phrase?
What is an example of appositive?
What is an example of an appositive sentence?
Appositive Phrase Janey is playing with her favorite toy, A STUFFED HORSE NAMED DAPPLES. Appositive Phrase I found Clive, MY CAT, on top of the refrigerator. Appositive Phrase Albert, THE SECURITY GUARD AT MOM’S OFFICE, always says hello to me. Appositive Phrase Bamboo, A KIND OF GRASS, may reach a height of 120 feet.
What is a good sentence for gerund?
Gerund Phrase I love EATING ICE CREAM. Gerund Phrase She wanted TO GO TO THE STORE. Infinitive Phrase The woman WANTED BY THE POLICE stayed in hiding. Participial Phrase The people SINGING IN THE CHOIR looked happy.
What is the difference between gerund and infinitives?
Easier (almost) than gerunds, infinitives are a verb form consisting of the preposition “to” and a verb: to volunteer, to exercise, to merge, to sacrifice, to call. Infinitive phrases consist of an infinitive and its modifiers.
What is the difference between appositive and participial phrases?
Here, an appositive phrase gives more information about the syllabus: it is “a terrifying white packet twenty pages long.” Lastly, participial phrases are verbal phrases acting as adjectives. These consist of participles, verbs ending in – ing especially, which must correspond with the subject they are modifying.