Is abdominal obesity related to type 2 diabetes?
On average, raised abdominal obesity increases risk of type 2 diabetes more than twofold. All measures used to capture abdominal obesity show a strong relationship to the incidence of type 2 diabetes.
Is abdominal obesity is associated with a higher risk for both insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease?
Abdominal obesity, in particular, places people at higher risk for developing insulin resistance and, consequently, is associated with an increased risk for type 2 DM and CVD.
Why abdominal obesity is especially harmful to the cardiovascular system?
Abdominal obesity is also linked to fat accumulation around the liver. That often leads to non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, which adds to cardiovascular disease risk.
How does diabetes affect the digestive system?
Nausea, heartburn, or bloating can have many causes, but for people with diabetes, these common digestion issues shouldn’t be ignored. That’s because high blood sugar can lead to gastroparesis, a condition that affects how you digest your food. Diabetes is the most common known cause of gastroparesis.
Why do diabetics have large bellies?
“Over time, insulin resistance may lead to type 2 diabetes and its many chronic complications.” Certain foods, such as sugary drinks, may contribute to belly fat, according to a January 2016 study in Circulation.
What does abdominal obesity lead to?
Growing evidence suggests that abdominal obesity is particularly detrimental. Greater abdominal adiposity is strongly associated with insulin resistance, dyslipidemia, and systematic inflammation, which play essential roles in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease (CVD), metabolic syndrome, and certain cancers.
Who is at most risk of abdominal obesity?
The gender distribution of abdominal obesity differs in each country, but a common trend shows that abdominal obesity is more prevalent in women than in men—the most drastic differences between rates are found in Nigeria, where 39.2% of women are abdominally obese but only 3.2% of men.
What is the difference between obesity and abdominal obesity?
General obesity was defined as BMI of 25.0 kg/m2 or more according to the World Health Organization Western Pacific Region guidelines. Abdominal obesity was defined as WC of 90 cm or more for men and 80 cm or more for women according to the International Diabetes Federation for Asian populations.
How the obesity is connected to the higher rate of cardiovascular disease?
Obese individuals require more blood to supply oxygen and nutrients to their bodies which causes an increase in blood pressure. Your body will also require more pressure to move this blood around. High blood pressure is also a common cause of heart attack, which are sadly more common for obese individuals.
What are the cardiovascular complications of diabetes?
These complications include coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, peripheral arterial disease, nephropathy, retinopathy, and possibly neuropathy and cardiomyopathy.
What is cardiovascular diabetes?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD), where the heart and blood vessels are negatively impacted, is the number one cause of death in people living with diabetes, resulting in 2/3 of deaths in people with type 2 diabetes.
What organs are affected by type 2 diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes affects many major organs, including your heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes and kidneys. Also, factors that increase the risk of diabetes are risk factors for other serious chronic diseases.
Can diabetes cause abdominal bloating?
What is considered abdominal obesity?
Abdominal obesity is defined as a waist circumference of more than 88 cm (35 inches) in women and more than 102 cm (40 inches) in men.
Why do I gain weight in my stomach only?
Gaining weight solely in your stomach may be the result of specific lifestyle choices. The two S’s — stress and sugar — play a significant role in the size of your midsection. Certain medical conditions and hormonal changes can contribute to abdominal weight gain.
Are overweight children and adolescents at risk for type 2 diabetes?
Overweight children and adolescents are now being diagnosed with impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes, and they show early signs of the insulin resistance syndrome and cardiovascular risk. Several risk factors have been identified as contributors to the development of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular risk in youth.
Is type 2 diabetes a risk factor for heart failure?
Within this escalating healthcare problem of monumental proportions, obesity-associated type 2 diabetes accounts for 90–95% of all diagnosed diabetes in adults.1In fact, diabetes and insulin resistance are powerful predictors of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, and each is an independent risk factor for death in patients with heart failure.
What factors increase the risk of type 2 diabetes?
These factors include increased body fat and abdominal fat, insulin resistance, ethnicity (with greater risk in African-American, Hispanic, and Native American children), and onset of puberty. There is no clear explanation of how these factors increase risk, but they appear to act in an additive fashion.
Is obesity a trigger for diabetes and cardiovascular disease?
In many instances, obesity is the proximal trigger that culminates ultimately in diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Eckel et al,12in a piece entitled “Treatment of Obesity: Weight Loss and Bariatric Surgery” discuss the roles of lifestyle changes, pharmacotherapy, and surgical approaches in the treatment of obesity.