How does memory reconsolidation work?
According to the reconsolidation view, memories are susceptible to change each time they are retrieved. The next time the memory is activated the version stored during the last retrieval, rather than the version stored after the original experience, is called up.
What is episodic memory quizlet?
Episodic Memory. Remembering specific personal experiences and the contexts in which they occurred. Semantic Memory. Knowledge which is not tied to a specific personal experiences.
Is the hippocampus involved in reconsolidation?
Using targeted infusions of anisomycin into and specific lesions of the hippocampus, we have demonstrated that hippocampal memories undergo cellular as well as systems reconsolidation.
What is retroactive interference in psychology?
Retroactive interference refers to conditions in which new learning interferes with old learning. Forgetting may be due to decay, a failure to reinstate the context of initial learning, or interference. Retroactive interference (new learning interferes with old) is contrasted with proactive (old interferes with new).
Who has retrograde amnesia?
Retrograde amnesia is caused by damage to the memory-storage areas of the brain, in various brain regions. This type of damage can result from a traumatic injury, a serious illness, a seizure or stroke, or a degenerative brain disease.
What is the difference between anterograde and retrograde amnesia?
Anterograde amnesia (AA) refers to an impaired capacity for new learning. Retrograde amnesia (RA) refers to the loss of information that was acquired before the onset of amnesia.
What part of the brain is most involved in creating implicit memories?
There are two areas of the brain involved in implicit memory: the basal ganglia and the cerebellum.
What is involved in episodic memory?
Episodic memory involves the ability to learn, store, and retrieve information about unique personal experiences that occur in daily life. These memories typically include information about the time and place of an event, as well as detailed information about the event itself.
What is the hippocampus primarily responsible for in memory?
The hippocampus is thought to be principally involved in storing long-term memories and in making those memories resistant to forgetting, though this is a matter of debate. It is also thought to play an important role in spatial processing and navigation.
Does the hypothalamus play a role in memory?
Overall, these results suggest that hypothalamus or hypothalamus-like regions play critical roles in regulating diverse types of learning and memory, both related and unrelated to food.
What part of the brain is responsible for memory consolidation?
When we visit a friend or go to the beach, our brain stores a short-term memory of the experience in a part of the brain called the hippocampus. Those memories are later “consolidated” — that is, transferred to another part of the brain for longer-term storage.
Who proposed interference theory?
John A. Bergström is credited as conducting the first study regarding interference in 1892. His experiment was similar to the Stroop task and required subjects to sort two decks of card with words into two piles.
Who discovered retroactive inhibition?
The first systematic study of retroactive inhibition dates back to MUller and Pilzecker (1900) who coined the term (rUckwirkende Hemmung).
Which part of the brain is responsible for retrograde amnesia?
Retrograde amnesia can result from damage to different parts of the brain responsible for controlling emotions and memories. These include the thalamus, which is deep in the center of the brain, and the hippocampus, which is in the temporal lobe.