How do you use a Snellen chart step by step?

How do you use a Snellen chart step by step?


  1. Ensure good natural light or illumination on the chart.
  2. Explain the procedure to the patient.
  3. Wash and dry the occluder and pinhole.
  4. Test each eye separately – the ‘bad’ eye first.
  5. Position the patient, sitting or standing, at a distance of 6 metres from the chart.

What are the three Snellen charts?

The four most common eye charts used are:

  1. SNELLEN. The original eye chart designed in the 1860’s by the Dutch eye doctor Hermann Snellen.
  2. TUMBLING E. This type of eye chart is used for children that are too small to read or adults with reading or speaking difficulties.
  4. ETDRS.

Which eye do you test first for visual acuity?

Test the eyes one at a time, at first without any spectacles (if worn). Note: Some people prefer to always test the right eye first. Others prefer to test the ‘worse’ eye first (ask the patient out of which eye they see best).

How does a Snellen eye chart work?

The chart consists of 11 lines of block letters, beginning with a large single letter on the top row. The number of letters on each row increases moving from top to bottom. The size of the letters progressively decreases, allowing for more letters on each subsequent line.

How do you use a Snellen chart at 20 feet?

20/20 vision is considered “normal” vision, meaning you can read at 20 feet a letter that most people should be able to read at 20 feet. If a patient reads the 20/200 line that means they can read at 20 feet the letters that people with “normal” vision can read at 200 feet.

Are there different Snellen charts?

5) There are different types of eye charts Yes, you read it right. There’s not just one but different types of eye charts and all are used to test vision. These include Snellen Chart, LogMAR Chart, Jaeger Chart, E Chart, and Landolt C Chart.

Are all Snellen eye charts the same?

There are a number of variations to the standard Snellen eye chart. The one an eye doctor uses depends on the personal needs and abilities of the patient. For example, eye doctors will use charts with pictures or patterns for younger children who may not have learned to read or identify letters and numbers.

Why is e the first letter on an eye chart?

Snellen developed the chart in 1862; it measures visual acuity, or the ability to see from a fixed distance. Why the big “E?” That’s how Snellen designed the original, and having a “standard letter” on top helps to determine the chart’s size and the distance it should be from the patient.

How far away do you stand from a Snellen chart?

The visual acuity test is used to determine the smallest letters you can read on a standardized chart (Snellen chart) or a card held 20 feet (6 meters) away. Special charts are used when testing at distances shorter than 20 feet (6 meters).

How does Snellen chart record visual acuity?

Recording Snellen Results Top number equates to the distance (in metres) at which the test chart was presented (usually 6m), Bottom number identifies the position on the chart of the smallest line read by the ‘patient’. Eg; 6/60 means the subject can only see the top letter when viewed at 6m.

How many eye exam charts are there?

The three most common eye charts are: Snellen eye chart. “Tumbling E” eye chart. Jaeger eye chart.

What is on the Snellen scale?

Snellen developed charts using symbols based in a 5×5 unit grid. The experimental charts developed in 1861 used abstract symbols. Snellen’s charts published in 1862 used alphanumeric capitals in the 5×5 grid. The original chart shows A, C, E, G, L, N, P, R, T, 5, V, Z, B, D, 4, F, H, K, O, S, 3, U, Y, A, C, E, G, L, 2.