How do you describe dermatologic lesions?

How do you describe dermatologic lesions?

A lesion is any single area of altered skin. It may be solitary or multiple. A rash is a widespread eruption of lesions. Dermatosis is a generic term for a disease of the skin.

How do nurses describe skin lesions?

papule, an elevated, palpable, firm, circumscribed lesion up to 1 cm. plaque, an elevated, flat-topped, firm, rough, superficial lesion 1 cm or larger, often formed by coalescence of papules. nodule, an elevated, firm, circumscribed, palpable area larger than 0.5 cm; it’s typically deeper and firmer than a papule.

How do you describe lesions in pathology?

lesion, in physiology, a structural or biochemical change in an organ or tissue produced by disease processes or a wound.

How do you describe eczema lesions?

Small, raised bumps, which may leak fluid and crust over when scratched. Thickened, cracked, scaly skin. Raw, sensitive, swollen skin from scratching.

What specific characteristics should be noted when examining and documenting a skin lesion?

Assess the surface characteristics of the lesion:

  • Texture: note if the lesion feels smooth (e.g. ecchymoses) or rough (e.g. psoriatic plaque).
  • Elevation: note if the lesion is flat (e.g. ecchymoses), raised (e.g. keratoacanthoma) or depressed (e.g. hypotrophic scar).

What are the 3 types of skin lesions?

Primary skin lesions tend to be divided into three groups:

  • Lesions formed by fluid within the skin layers: Examples include vesicles and pustules.
  • Lesions that are solid masses: Examples include nodules and tumors.
  • Flat lesions: Examples include patches and macules.

How would you describe skin in nursing assessment?

The physical assessment of the skin involves inspection and palpation and may reveal local or systemic problems in the patient. When palpating the skin, it is important to note: Texture – it should be smooth and even. Thickness – very thin skin may indicate steroid therapy or arterial insufficiency.

How do you write a skin assessment?

A skin assessment should include the presenting concern/compliant with the skin, history of the presenting concern/compliant, past medical history, family history, social history, medicines (including topical treatment) and allergies and impact on quality of life.

What are the classification of lesions?

Physicians can classify skin lesions into different kinds such as benign or non-malignant (nevus), cancerous (melanoma), pigmented benign keratosis (BKL), basal cell carcinoma (BCC), and squamous cell carcinoma (SCC).

What is a skin lesion look like?

Skin lesions are areas of skin that look different from the surrounding area. They are often bumps or patches, and many issues can cause them. The American Society for Dermatologic Surgery describe a skin lesion as an abnormal lump, bump, ulcer, sore, or colored area of the skin.

How do you describe a rash size?

If the lesion is flat, then it will be either a macule or patch. A macule is a flat lesion smaller than 1 cm and a patch is a flat lesion larger than 1 cm. Elevated lesions are either solid or fluid-filled. Solid lesions can be described as either a papule, plaque, nodule, or wheal.

What needs to be assessed and described if you find a lesion?

Diagnosis of skin lesions begins with careful physical examination and medical history. Physical examination involves assessing the color, size, shape, depth, location, and comparison with other lesions.

What are examples of lesions?

Freckles and flat moles are examples of macule skin lesions. Nodules refer to “knot” like growths of abnormal tissue that develop under the skin. For instance, lymph nodes can develop nodules that are visible from the surface of the skin upon inspection.

How do you describe a rash?

Elevated lesions are either solid or fluid-filled. Solid lesions can be described as either a papule, plaque, nodule, or wheal. A raised solid lesion is a papule when it is less than 1 cm and a plaque when it is a confluence of papules greater than 1 cm. A nodule is a solid lesion with a deeper cutaneous involvement.

How do you describe skin breakdown?

Skin breakdown starts out as a red or purple spot on fair skin or a shiny, purple, blue or darker spot on dark skin, which does not fade or go away within 20 minutes. When you press on the spot with your finger, it does not become lighter (blanch). It may feel warmer or cooler than the skin around it.

What does skin lesions look like?

What is a Macule skin lesion?

Macules are flat, nonpalpable lesions usually < 10 mm in diameter. Macules represent a change in color and are not raised or depressed compared to the skin surface. A patch is a large macule. Examples include freckles, flat moles, tattoos, and port-wine stains.