How do you control EEE?

How do you control EEE?

There is no vaccine to prevent EEE virus infection. The best way to prevent EEE is to protect yourself from mosquito bites. Use insect repellent, wear long-sleeved shirts and pants, treat clothing and gear, and take steps to control mosquitoes indoors and outdoors.

What is an EEE?

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is an extremely rare but serious and often fatal infection that causes encephalitis or inflammation of the brain. It is spread by the bite of a mosquito infected with EEE virus (EEEV). EEEV can also infect a wide range of animals including mammals, birds, reptiles, and amphibians.

What is EEE risk?

Who is at risk for infection with EEEV? Anyone in an area where the virus is circulating can get infected with EEE virus. The risk is highest for people who live, work, or participate in outdoor activities in or around wooded swampy areas in the eastern United States.

What is the agent of EEE?

Causative Agent: Eastern Equine Encephalitis (EEE) is a mosquito-borne illness caused by an alphavirus of the Togaviridae family. Routes of Exposure: Humans are primarily exposed to EEE through the bite of an infected mosquito.

Why is EEE a problem?

Eastern equine encephalitis virus is transmitted by the bite of infected mosquitoes. It can cause serious illness in people as well as horses, donkeys, emus and ostriches. Although uncommon in people, EEE is one of the most severe mosquito-transmitted diseases in both horses and humans in the United States.

What is the treatment for EEE in horses?

There is no cure for EEE. Treatment largely consists of supportive care for horses with clinical signs, including intravenous (IV) fluids and anti-inflammatory medications.

What is the syllabus of EEE?

Semester Wise BE EEE Syllabus

Semester III Semester IV
Analog Electronics-I Analog Electronics-II
Circuits & Systems Power System – I
Electrical Engineering Materials Control Engineering – I
ElectroMechanical Energy Conversion – I Electromagnetic Field Theory

How do you test for EEE?

How is Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) diagnosed?

  1. Blood tests.
  2. A CT scan produces detailed, cross-sectional images of the brain.
  3. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is another procedure that takes detailed x-ray images of the brain to help detect brain inflammation.

When did EEE virus start?

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) virus was first discovered in 1933 during a large-scale equine epizootic in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States. Fatal encephalitis in humans soon followed during a 1938 outbreak of EEE in southeastern Massachusetts involving 34 cases in humans and 25 deaths.

Can a horse survive EEE?

Prognosis: Poor. Horses infected with EEE do not often survive. Morbidity rate is 75-95% and death usually occurs within 2-3 days of onset of signs. Prevention: Keep all horses up to date on vaccinations.

What causes EEE in horses?

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), is a rare disease that causes inflammation of the brain (encephalitis). It is caused by an arbovirus, which means it is spread through the bite of infected mosquitoes. It was first seen in horses (equine) in the 1830s and first diagnosed in a human along the east coast in the 1930s.

Where is EEE located?

From 2011-2020, most cases of EEE have been reported Massachusetts, Michigan, Florida, Georgia, New York, and North Carolina. EEEV transmission is most common in and around freshwater hardwood swamps in the Atlantic and Gulf Coast states and the Great Lakes region.

What kind of virus is EEE?

Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) belongs to a category of viruses known as arboviruses, or arthropod-borne viruses. Arboviruses are spread by the bites of blood-sucking insects, such as mosquitos and ticks. EEE is spread by the bite of certain kinds of mosquitoes.

Is there a vaccine for EEE?

Actually, there is a human vaccine for eastern equine encephalitis (EEE), but it has never been approved for public use. The U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases—the military medical research institute at Fort Detrick in Maryland—developed a human EEE vaccine in the mid-1980s.

Is there a EEE vaccine?

How likely is it to get EEE?

Compared with other mosquito-borne viruses, EEE is exceedingly rare. Last year’s outbreak translates to 1 case per 10 million people in the U.S. However, EEE is also exceptionally dangerous. About one in three people who become severely ill with the virus die.